For authors, citing
For researchers, citing
As defined by the Brown University Writing Center:
Since it is one of the most dreaded faux pas—in many circumstances it is even considered a crime—in the world of academia and other intellectual circles, plagiarism is a topic that must be addressed by every aspiring writer. Appropriating another person's ideas or words (spoken or written) without attributing those word or ideas to their true source is highly frowned upon in literary and academic circles. Fortunately, with some forethought and common sense, a writer can easily avoid plagiarism. The following resources can help you discern what does—and what does not—constitute plagiarism. Take a look; it is preferable to be safe than sorry when it comes to issues of intellectual property and original thought.
The consequences of plagiarism can be very serious. For more information about plagiarism, see Brown Academic Code & Non-Academic Conduct
Each academic discipline has a preferred style for citing information. The required information in a citation is usually very similar across styles-- for example, it's nearly always important to include author, date of publication and publisher, and title of the work (which may also include title of the journal). Additional information may be required based on appropriate citation style or the format of the resource you're citing.
Citation styles differ in several ways, including order of information, punctuation, and acceptable abbreviations.
If you're unsure about which style to use, it is best to ask the person you are writing for, such as a professor or journal editor.
For examples of APA, MLA and Chicago styles, and for quick reference, visit Purdue's OWL (Online Writing Lab) site.
Citation Managers such as RefWorks, EndNote, Zotero, and Mendeley are software tools for managing your citations. Citation managers will help you
Brown University Libraries support and provide training for RefWorks, EndNote, Zotero, and Mendeley, but there are many more available.