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Citations: What, Why, When & How

Introduction to Citation

What is a citation?


"A reference providing information about where a particular quotation, text, etc., is to be found..."

- Oxford English Dictionary Online, version March 2015


Why cite?


A citation informs a reader that material in your work, such as a quote, image or idea, came from another source.

Research and scholarship is built upon the work of earlier scholars.  By citing, you acknowledge those scholars, and provide a pathway to their work, which allows readers to find your sources and consider the derivation of your ideas.  

Citations establish your credibility as a serious scholar by providing evidence that you have considered the existing information on a topic.

Failure to cite, or citing improperly, is considered plagiarism.

Introduction to Citation