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Research Help DIY

What is Plagiarism?

Plagiarism is “The practice of taking someone else’s work or ideas and passing them off as one’s own.” Plagiarized work is unoriginal.

Plagiarism includes

  • Submitting someone else’s work (text, data, audio, video, etc.) as your own
  • Minimally changing someone else’s work by replacing parts of the work
  • Reusing parts of a previous work (including your own) without citation
  • Stitching together numerous paraphrases from others without credit
  • Citing some but not all sources

(Oxford Dictionaries. Retrived April 6, 2015 from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com.revproxy.brown.edu/us/definition/american_english/plagiarism)

    There is a code of conduct that supports Brown University's commitment to building a scholarly community. Essentially, the key concepts are:

    • Produce work independently
    • Tell the truth
    • Acknowledge the work of others (including yourself)

    Read the full Brown Academic Code of Conduct and Academic Integrity.

    What does plagiarism look like?

    Here is an example of plagiarism where material written by Mustapha Marrouchi in 2003 is compared to text written twenty-one years earlier by Salman Rushdie. Marrouchi copies Rushdie's orignial text nearly word for word and does not reference the original. Not all plagiarism is this blatant, however. Merely paraphrasing an idea without attribution is still considered to be plagiarism.

    Brock Read. “Anatomy of a Serial Plagiarism Charge.” The Chronicle of Higher Education, Aug. 21, 2014.

    Risks of Plagiarism

    Our Norwegian friends explore the consequences of plagiarism.  Have a look-- you won't be disappointed!
    University of Bergen. (2010). Et plagieringseventyr. Retrieved on April 6, 2015.

    Tips for paraphrasing

    It is often difficult to know how to appropriately paraphrase. The Purdue OWL website guides you through this topic: Paraphrase: Write it in your own words.  The video below is another resource which explores the often murky topic of paraphrasing.

    Taylor, D. (2009). Avoid plagiarism in research papers with paraphrasing and quotations. University of Maryland University College. Retrieved April 6, 2015.

     

    Test Yourself

    Choose one of the articles you selected on the  What, Why, When to Cite page. Paraphrase a paragraph of that article, and include a citation using APA, Chicago, or MLA style.

    Ease of copying with digital media

    Video:
    Jeff Hancock. (2012). The Future of Lying. TEDxWinnepeg. Retrieved April 6, 2015.